I was reading about Richard P Feynman one of the co-founders of Quantum Electrodynamics, and famous for the diagrams named after him. He was born in Jewish family but had never doubted his beliefs, and he was an avowed atheist. The Caltech Physicist and a Nobel Laureate had studied in Massachusetts Institute of Technology, M.I.T after being rejected by Columbia, an Ivy League college. Later, he had joined and was supervised by John Archibald Wheeler. At that time, 1940s, Princeton was probably the most prestigious college in the US as far as Physics was concerned.
During the days of Cosmos being projected by Abu Dhabi T.V (this was in early 80s). I got to see the Episodes as presented by Carl Sagan, Director of the Astronomical department of Cornell’s Physics Department. He was also the famous writer of the book titled, S.E.T.I (search for extra terrestrial Intelligence), and another famous Physicist who had doubted the existence of Supernatural being. He had written an epilogue for the book written by the most famous Physicist alive today, Stephen Hawkins. Please refer to his book, A Brief History of Time, page number where Hawkins expresses his unease when he was invited to confer in the Vatican.
Hawkins in his book writes about his worries as to when he was invited to Vatican he did not want the history to be repeated. He said I did not want to face an ordeal which was exactly 300 years ago when church and science was at loggerheads with each other this was when Galileo was imprisoned by the Papal authority.
Galileo one of the early Physicists whose shoulder Newton was standing and thus able see further, but Galileo was actually standing on Kepler, Tyco Brahe and thus able to make way for Newton delve into his famous book Principia of Mathemitica. It is usually believed that Newton was not an atheist but he was very shy and never married.
Church was myopic during the time of Galileo and Copernicus, for anything that contradicted the beliefs of the time was to be dealt severely. If these scientists had not been bold enough to stand up to church, of the time then science would not be here today, in that sense Scientists were persecuted. Therefore the collective conscience of today’s Scientists had this idea imprinted so much so that of the scientists’ phobia and that lead them to rebel against the precepts of accepted religious values. Here we see the development of a world that would not have been if the collectively conscious of time and its toll on the scientific community and the consequence the belief that religion is against science.

Since the time of Galileo the scientist had decided that they should not think church as a friend, an ally but a body that does not support their beliefs that were apparently against the common beliefs and hence against church. Even Einstein some people say did not believe about the existence of when He said that God does not play dice. By this he had mentioned there was no god and that since he was not there he would not have the chance to play the dice. The statement about Einstein above was stated in a T.V interview in the B.B.C world.